With the exception of signal gas pores all the defects listed are usually well detectable by ultrasonic. Most applications are on low-alloy construction quality steels,however, world's in aluminium can also be tested. Ultrasonic flaw detection has long been the preferred method for nondestructive testing in welding application. This safe,accurate, and simple technique has pushed ultrasonics to the forefront of inspection technology.
Ultrasonic weld inspections are typically performed using a straight beam transducer in conjunction with an angle beam transducer and wedge. A straight beam transducer, producing a longitudinal wave at normal incident into the test piece, is first used to locate any laminations in important because an angle beam transducer may not able to provide a return signal from a lamina flaw.