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Monday, 31 October 2016

MAGNETIC FIELD IN AND AROUND A BAR MAGNET.

A magnetic field is a change in energy within a volume of space. The magnetic field surrounding a bar magnet can be seen in the magnetograph below. A magnetograph can be created by placing a piece of paper over over a magnet and sprinkling the paper with iron filings. The particles align themselves with the line of magnetic force produced by the magnet. The magnetic lines of force show where the magnetic field exits the material at one pole and reenters the material at another pole along the length of the magnet. It should be noted that the magnetic lines of force exits in three dimensions but are only seen in two dimensions in the image.
It can be seen in the magnetograph that there are poles all along the length of the magnet but that the poles are concentrated at the ends of the magnet. The area where the exit poles are concentrated is called the magnets north pole and the area where the entrance poles are concentrated is called the magnets south pole.